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Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) is essentially a markup language that consists of a set of tags and rules used by programmers to create web-based documents. The latest version of HTML 5 is the culmination of years of work conducted by a group known as the Web Hypertext Applications Technology Working Group (WHATWG). HTML 5 introduces a number of new features and has enhanced major existing features in HTML for programmers to utilise. In this article, we will take look at what HTML 5 has to offer and how it can be utilised to create enhanced HTML applications.

What’s New in HTML 5?

There are certain changes to the HTML language in HTML 5. For instance, HTML 5 introduces a number of new tags and does away with some tags. However, the integration of CSS3 into HTML 5 is possibly one of the biggest changes from HTML 4. The languages are broken down into separate components in HTML 5 with the markup language used to define each element and CSS to define the appearance of the application being developed. Some of the major new features in CSS3 include its ability to display the front end of a webpage regardless of whether or not the user has the font installed on their operating system, the ability to break elements into a defined number of columns and a number of visual enhancements. Other major changes in HTML 5 include a range of new tags for documents, major enhancements to HTML5 forms and native support for audio/video tags.

Building HTML 5 Web Forms

Creating forms with HTML 5 is a considerably simpler process with the addition of new attributes and input types offering some major improvements for developers. Although major web browsers support HTML 5, it is worthy of mentioning that HTML 5 is completely backward-compatible with HTML 4 so you can simply continue writing your code in HTML 4 if that necessary.

Web forms With HTML 5

Input Types

HTML 5 incorporates thirteen new input types to be used in the development of web forms, these include: search, tel, URL, email, datetime, date, month, week, time, datetime-local, number, range, color. These new input types are simple to use and the beauty of HTML 5 is that they will work with any web browser.

Input Attributes

HTML5 introduces a number of new attributes to be used in conjunction with the input and form elements, these include:  autofocus, placeholder, form, required, autocomplete, pattern, dirname, novalidate, form action, formenctype, formmethod, formnovalidate, formtarget. The ‘required’ and ‘pattern’ attributes make it simple to validate input fields and to make certain fields require a value before the form can be submitted.

The inclusion of support of Web Forms in web browsers in HTML 5 is a huge advantage for developers as it allows the new features to be utilised in old web browsers as well as new ones without any issues. The new features in HTML 5 forms has a number of benefits for mobile application development as well with new field types such as ‘url’ and ‘email’ allowing for mobile optimised HTML 5 form development.

How to Enhance Web forms With HTML 5 – by StarmenUSA, website design agency.Writer: Zuhair Siddiqui.

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  1. This is a really good set of guidelines not a criticism but a little demo would have been nice 🙂 One of the biggest gripes I hear from clients about building sites in html5 and forms is that not every browser supports html5
    how do you get around this issues?

    years ago the cross broswer compatibility issue was just that, a majot issue. Developers would painstakingly pull a part designs because code didn’t abide by the broswer rules going back to netscape, no seriously, i still get this issue a bit but it seems to have waned, especially as the mobile is taking design and development in a whole new direction hey welcome HTML5 🙂

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